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Kunsthistorie 1940-1970

1300-1600    1600-1770    1770-1870    1870-1905    1905-1940    1940-1970    1970-2010


Kunstnerindeks

Abstrakt ekspressionisme
Blev udviklet mod slutningen af 2. verdenskrig i USA under indflydelse af de landflygtige surrealister som Max Ernst, André Masson, Roberto Matta og Arshile Gorky. Retningen kan betegnes som et emotionelt abstrakt maleri. Den abstrakte ekspressionisme indtager en ganske særlig plads i historien, da den markerede et magtskifte. New York havde nu fortrængt Paris som centrum for kunstverdenen.

Abstract Expressionism

The movement developed towards the end of World War II in the USA influenced by the exiled surrealists like Max Ernst, André Masson, Roberto Matta and Arshile Gorky. The movement may be described as an emotional abstract painting. The Abstract Expressionism occupies quite a particular place in history marking a change of power. New York had now ousted Paris as the capital of art.

Grundlaget for Abstrakt ekspressionisme

Max Ernst (i)
Arshile Gorky (i)
Hans Hofmann (i)
André Masson (i)
Roberto Matta (i)
Yves Tanguy (i)

Den abstrakte ekspressionisme i New York blev omkring 1950 delt i to fløje

Action Painting

Willem de Kooning (i)
Jackson Pollock (i)
Philip Guston (i)
Franz Kline (i)
Lee Krasner (i)
Jack Tworkov (i)

Chromatic Abstraction

Barnett Newman (i)
Mark Rothko (i)
Ad Reinhardt (i)
Adolph Gottlieb (i)

Mellem de to fløje

Robert Motherwell (i)
Mark Tobey (i)
William Baziotes (i)
Richard Pousette-Dart (i)
Clyfford Still (i)
Bradley Walker Tomlin (i)

2. Generations Abstrakt ekspressionisme
I 1950’erne kom en yngre generation af abstrakt ekspressionistiske malere.

Sam Francis (i)
Helen Frankenthaler (i)
Grace Hartigan (i)
Joan Mitchell (i)
Raymond Parker (i)

Skulptur i abstrakt ekspressionisme i USA

David Smith (i)
Louise Bourgeois (i)
Herbert Ferber (i)
David Hare (i)
Ibram Lassaw (i)
Seymour Lipton (i)
Reuben Nakian (i)
Louise Nevelson (i)
Isamu Noguchi (i)
Theodore Roszak (i)

Udkanten af abstrakt ekspressionisme i USA

John Chamberlain (i)
Richard Diebenkorn (i)
Leon Golub (i)
Conrad Marca-Relli (i)
Agnes Martin (i)
Cy Twombly (i)

Abstrakt ekspressionisme i Europa

Asger Jorn (i)
Pierre Alechinsky (i)
Karel Appel (i)
Alberto Burri (i)
Constant (i)
Corneille (i)
Alan Davie (i)
Christian Dotremont (i)
Jean Dubuffet (i)
Jean Fautrier (i)
Hans Hartung (i)
Patrick Heron (i)
Roger Hilton (i)
Maria Lassnig (i)
Georges Mathieu (i)
Henri Michaux (i)
Ernst Wilhelm Nay (i)
Serge Poliakoff (i)
Arnulf Rainer (i)
Germaine Richier (i)
Jean-Paul Riopelle (i)
Antonio Saura (i)
Pierre Soulages (i)
Nicolas de Staël (i)
Antoni Tapies (i)
Emilio Vedova (i)
Bram van Velde (i)
Maria Elena Vieira da Silva (i)
Wols (i)
Ejler Bille (i)
Else Alfelt (i)
Mogens Andersen (i)
Sonja Ferlov Mancoba (i)
Henry Heerup (i)
Egill Jacobsen (i)
Carl-Henning Pedersen (i)
Erik Thommesen (i)